So the E of S.T.E.M. stands for engineering. It’s another branch of careers that involve extensive background in the sciences (more physical than biological here) and mathematics. Well, since I did not know a lot about engineering actually I thought I could learn a little and maybe shine some light on the career field.
In general there are 5 categories of engineers with multiple different sub-types in each category. The five main categories are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical. Let’s go through these each a little bit more and see if we can shine some light on what each category is really about.
- Chemical Engineer: This sound pretty much like the name, it is an engineering position that works closely with chemicals. These are the people that work with acids, bases, drugs, food, or many other things. These engineers use a knowledge base in chemistry. biology, and physics. While they may not work directly with the products, their job is to determine the mechanical aspects of the industry or production. One sub-type could be a mineral engineer.
- Civil Engineer: These engineers are more of an artist type. They work with local, state, and federal governments, as well as many private sector companies, to design and oversee things like roads, building, and bridges. They help figure out the functionality and build the things that make our lives easier, on land, in the sea, and in the air. One sub-type, even though it require more training, would be aerospace engineer.
- Electrical Engineers: These engineers focus their work solely on electricity and electronics. They help design technical equipment along with work with the housing and transmitting of electricity. They also work in the field of electrical sustainability which is a very up and coming portion of this job. Some sub-types include: computer engineer, microwave engineer, and digital signal processing.
- Industrial Engineer: These are the people that focus only on production. How do we produce a product faster, cheaper, and overall better. If you have a good problem solving mind this is the engineering field for you. A sub-type of this category may be agricultural engineer.
- Mechanical Engineer: This type of engineer is based around all things mechanical. They are concerned with design, construction, and operation of power plants, engines, and machines, specifically where heat reactions can be seen so no damage occurs. Nuclear engineering would be sub-type of mechanical engineering.
Another type of engineer, the category which it would fit I’m not entirely sure, is a Biomedical Engineer. These are people who work in medical settings primarily. I actually work a few biomedical engineers and they spend a lot of time testing the wear and tear of surgical implants and bone repair. This is definitely a field where biology plays a bigger role in the engineering world.
While this is a very basic rundown and is not comprehensive is should give you a place to start if you are interested in the field. Your first step would to determine which category you want to be in and then do more research from there. Engineering can be an overwhelming field if you don’t know where to start.
Let me know what you think and if there is any other information I could help you with.
**Info courtesy of infoplease.com and typesofengineering.org and may not be accurate.**